What is the proper way to use include with or without brackets in php

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What is the proper way to use include with or without brackets in php – Here in this article, we will share some of the most common and frequently asked about PHP problem in programming with detailed answers and code samples. There’s nothing quite so frustrating as being faced with PHP errors and being unable to figure out what is preventing your website from functioning as it should like php and include . If you have an existing PHP-based website or application that is experiencing performance issues, let’s get thinking about What is the proper way to use include with or without brackets in php.

I already know how to use include, require and even require_once. What I have always practiced is this:

for example include 'sample.php'; or require_once 'classes/DB.php';

But in some ways I often see in some forums and tutorials and even here that they are using it like this – include ('sample.php'); and require_once ('classes/DB.php');.

I know that any of this will work, but I just want to know what would you recommend maybe as a good practice? XD and if it’s already been asked here please show me the link because I can’t find it.

Solution :

The include 'sample.php'; or require_once 'classes/DB.php'; is a preferred way.

Is preferred, it will prevent your peers from giving you a hard time and a trivial conversation about what require really is.


Side Notes:

1. require/include not a function they are language construct same as echo. Credits: @Rahil comment.

2. Also it will save time of pressing two keystroke ( & ) for a lazy developers like us :p

include and the rest are not functions, they do not need the parentheses. Parentheses are also used for grouping, for example 1 + (2 * 3). You can basically add as many parentheses around any expression as you want; 1 + (2 * 3) is equivalent to (1 + (2 * 3)) is equivalent to 1 + ((2 * 3)) is equivalent to ((1) + (((2) * (3)))).

So all include ('file.php') is doing is add unnecessary grouping parentheses around the expression 'file.php'. You may as well write include (((('file.php')))), it has exactly the same effect, which is none. It’s usually only done by people who do not understand this fact and believe the parentheses to be necessary “like with other functions”, or maybe who like the style.

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